"Flink wie Windhunde, zäh wie Leder, hart wie Kruppstahl". Der Nationalsozialismus errichtete in Deutschland nicht nur eine brutale Diktatur. "Hart wie Kruppstahl, zäh wie Leder, flink wie ein Windhund": In einem Interview mit der "FAS" verwendet Heino eine griffige Formel für seine. Die Firma Krupp war - zumindest im Beginn des androidgezegeni.coms zwangsweise - über die Staatsaufträge, als Stahlwerk mit besonders hartem Stahl, für die.
Hart wie Krupp-Stahl"Hart wie Kruppstahl, zäh wie Leder, flink wie ein Windhund": In einem Interview mit der "FAS" verwendet Heino eine griffige Formel für seine. Die Friedrich Krupp AG war ein deutsches Schwerindustrie-Unternehmen mit Sitz in Essen. Es entstand Anfang des Jahrhunderts aus dem Krupp’schen Familienunternehmen. Die offizielle Schreibweise, die sich auf Aktien, Briefbögen usw. fand. Die Firma Krupp war - zumindest im Beginn des androidgezegeni.coms zwangsweise - über die Staatsaufträge, als Stahlwerk mit besonders hartem Stahl, für die.
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Kruppstahl was a figure of speech Hitler invented to show how tough something is. Kruppstahl translates to "Krupp steel", the Krupp is for the massive steel manufacturer Krupp Gussstahlfabrik from Essen, Germany.
After the war, Krupp became Thyssenkrupp. Hitler didn't invent it. Krupp steel is a special method of creating hardened steel armor, originally for battleships.
It was later still replaced by Krupp cemented armor and similar cemented armor types Vickers Cemented being superior to Krupp Cemented for example.
The hardening method is used exclusively for battleship armor, the steel used for armoring Tigers and the like is not the same. For one the armor on a battleship is not structural, it cannot support any real weight.
It is attached to the actual "structural" hull of the ship. The armor is also designed ideally for thicknesses of like ", while WW2 tanks will at best have about ".
Krupp Steel and Krupp Cemented is also extremely slow to produce and expensive. WWII tanks were for the most part armored with rolled homogenous armor, giving a unified resistance through the plate, with Germany and the USSR face-hardening the armor for a chance to shatter incoming shells.
Face-hardening armor also has the side-effect of making the armor brittle, where it can itself shatter. This causes cracks in the armor plate and increased spalling on the inside, which was a major problem for both Germany and the USSR throughout the war - for Germany due to a lack of needed materials like Molybdenum, while the USSR iirc designed excessively hard plates for a long time.
Generally the German face hardened armor wasn't any better, and in many cases was inferior to what the Soviets produced. They existed for hundreds of years before the Nazis came along, and ThyssenAG was nearly 50 years old at that point.
Such a task could be carried out only by men who had been trained, body and soul, in those military virtues which make a man, so to speak, agile as a greyhound, tough as leather, and hard as Krupp steel.
Flink wie Windhunde, zäh wie Leder, hart wie Kruppstahl. Wie alt bist du eigentlich? Fast as the greyhound, tough as leather - and hard as Krupp steel.
Hart wie Kruppstahl und zäh wie Leder. After Germany's defeat, Gustav was senile and incapable of standing trial, and the Nuremberg Military Tribunal convicted Alfried as a war criminal in the Krupp Trial for "plunder" and for his company's use of slave labor.
In , as the Cold War developed and no buyer came forward, the U. In , the company became an Aktiengesellschaft and ownership was transferred to the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Foundation.
In , the Krupp Group merged with its largest competitor, Thyssen AG ; the combined company— ThyssenKrupp , became Germany's fifth-largest firm and one of the largest steel producers in the world.
The Krupp family first appeared in the historical record in , when Arndt Krupp joined the merchants' guild in Essen.
Arndt, a trader, arrived in town just before an epidemic of the Black Death plague and became one of the city's wealthiest men by purchasing the property of families who fled the epidemic.
After he died in , his son Anton took over the family business; Anton oversaw a gunsmithing operation during the Thirty Years' War —48 , which was the first instance of the family's long association with arms manufacturing.
For the next century the Krupps continued to acquire property and became involved in municipal politics in Essen. By the midth-century, Friedrich Jodocus Krupp, Arndt's great-great-grandson, headed the Krupp family.
In , he married Helene Amalie Ascherfeld another of Arndt's great-great-grandchildren ; Jodocus died six years later, which left his widow to run the business: a family first.
The Widow Krupp greatly expanded the family's holdings over the decades, acquiring a fulling mill, shares in four coal mines , and in an iron forge located on a stream near Essen.
In the progenitor of the modern Krupp firm, Friedrich Krupp , began his commercial career at age 19 when the Widow Krupp appointed him manager of the forge.
Friedrich's father, the widow's son, had died 11 years previously; since that time, the widow had tutored the boy in the ways of commerce, as he seemed the logical family heir.
Unfortunately, Friedrich proved too idiotic for his own good, and quickly ran the formerly profitable forge into the ground. The widow soon had to sell it away.
In , the widow died, and in what would prove a disastrous move, left virtually all the Krupp fortune and property to Friedrich. Newly enriched, Friedrich decided to discover the secret of cast crucible steel.
Benjamin Huntsman , a clockmaker from Sheffield , had pioneered a process to make crucible steel in , but the British had managed to keep it secret, forcing others to import steel.
When Napoleon began his blockade of the British Empire see Continental System , British steel became unavailable, and Napoleon offered a prize of four thousand francs to anyone who could replicate the British process.
This prize piqued Friedrich's interest. Thus, in Friedrich founded the Krupp Gusstahlfabrik Cast Steel Works. He realized he would need a large facility with a power source for success, and so he built a mill and foundry on the Ruhr River , which unfortunately proved an unreliable stream.
Friedrich spent a significant amount of time and money in the small, waterwheel -powered facility, neglecting other Krupp business, but in he was able to produce smelted steel.
He died in Essen, 8 October age Alfred Krupp born Alfried Felix Alwyn Krupp , son of Friedrich Carl, was born in Essen in His father's death forced him to leave school at the age of fourteen and take on responsibility for the steel works in companionship with his mother Therese Krupp.
Prospects were daunting: his father had spent a considerable fortune in the attempt to cast steel in large ingots, and to keep the works going the widow and family lived in extreme frugality.
The young director laboured alongside the workmen by day and carried on his father's experiments at night, while occasionally touring Europe trying to promote Krupp products and make sales.
It was during a stay in England that young Alfried became enamored of the country and adopted the English spelling of his name.
For years, the works made barely enough money to cover the workmen's wages. Then, in , Alfred's brother Hermann invented the spoon-roller —which Alfred patented , bringing in enough money to enlarge the factory, steel production, and cast steel blocks.
In Krupp made his first cannon of cast steel. Krupp's exhibits caused a sensation in the engineering world, and the Essen works became famous.
In , another successful innovation, no-weld railway tyres , began the company's primary revenue stream, from sales to railways in the United States.
Alfred enlarged the factory and fulfilled his long-cherished scheme to construct a breech-loading cannon of cast steel.
He strongly believed in the superiority of breech-loaders , on account of improved accuracy and speed, but this view did not win general acceptance among military officers, who remained loyal to tried-and-true muzzle-loaded bronze cannon.
Alfred soon began producing breech loading howitzers , one of which he gifted to the Prussian court. Indeed, unable to sell his steel cannon, Krupp gave it to the King of Prussia , who used it as a decorative piece.
The king's brother Wilhelm , however, realized the significance of the innovation. After he became regent in , Prussia bought its first steel cannon from Krupp, which became the main arms manufacturer for the Prussian military.
Prussia used the advanced technology of Krupp to defeat both Austria and France in the German Wars of Unification. The French high command refused to purchase Krupp guns despite Napoleon III 's support.
The Franco-Prussian war was in part a contest of "Kruppstahl" versus bronze cannon. The success of German artillery spurred the first international arms race , against Schneider-Creusot in France and Armstrong in England.
Krupp was able to sell, alternately, improved artillery and improved steel shielding to countries from Russia to Chile to Siam. In the Panic of , Alfred continued to expand, including the purchase of Spanish mines and Dutch shipping, making Krupp the biggest and richest company in Europe but nearly bankrupting it.
He was bailed out with a 30 million Mark loan from a consortium of banks arranged by the Prussian State Bank. In and Krupp held competitions known as Völkerschiessen , which were firing demonstrations of cannon for international buyers.
These were held in Meppen , at the largest proving ground in the world; privately owned by Krupp. He took on 46 nations as customers. At the time of his death in , he had 75, employees, including 20, in Essen.
In his lifetime, Krupp manufactured a total of 24, guns; 10, for the German government and 13, for export. Krupp established the Generalregulativ as the firm's basic constitution.
The company was a sole proprietorship , inherited by primogeniture , with strict control of workers. Krupp demanded a loyalty oath, required workers to obtain written permission from their foremen when they needed to use the toilet and issued proclamations telling his workers not to concern themselves with national politics.
In return, Krupp provided social services that were unusually liberal for the era, including " colonies " with parks, schools and recreation grounds - while the widows' and orphans' and other benefit schemes insured the men and their families in case of illness or death.
Essen became a large company town and Krupp became a de facto state within a state , with "Kruppianer" as loyal to the company and the Krupp family as to the nation and the Hohenzollern family.
Krupp's paternalist strategy was adopted by Bismarck as government policy, as a preventive against Social Democratic tendencies, and later influenced the development and adoption of Führerprinzip by Adolf Hitler.
The Krupp social services program began about , when it was found that there were not sufficient houses in the town for firm employees, and the firm began building dwellings.
By ten houses were ready for foremen, and in the first houses for workingmen were built in Alt Westend. Neu Westend was built in and By , houses were provided, many being given rent free to widows of former workers.
A cooperative society was founded in which became the Consum-Anstalt. Profits were divided according to amounts purchased. Bath houses were provided and employees received free medical services.
Technical and manual training schools were provided. Krupp proclaimed he wished to have "a man come and start a counter-revolution " against Jews, socialists and liberals.
In some of his odder moods, he considered taking the role himself. According to historian William Manchester , Alfried Krupp, his great grandson, would interpret these outbursts as a prophecy fulfilled by the coming of Hitler.
Krupp's marriage was not a happy one. But I'm still as hard as Krupp steel , tough as leather and swift as a greyhound.
Other examples in context. Einheit, Stärke, Klarheit - das sind die Eckpfeiler unseres aus Blut, Schweiss, Tränen und Kruppstahl geschmiedeten Parteibuchs.
Farben und Schattierungen sind nicht erlaubt. Unity, strength, clarity - these are the cornerstones of our book made from blood, sweat, tears and krupp-steal.
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